Shultz, T. R., & Rivest, F. (2001). Knowledge-based cascade-correlation: Using knowledge to speed learning. Connection Science, 13, 43-72.
Research with neural networks typically ignores the role of knowledge in learning by initializing the network with random connection weights. We examine a new extension of a well-known generative algorithm, cascade-correlation. Ordinary cascade-correlation constructs its own network topology by recruiting new hidden units as needed to reduce network error. The extended algorithm, knowledge-based cascade-correlation (KBCC), recruits previously learned sub-networks as well as single hidden units. This paper describes KBCC and assesses its performance on a series of small, but clear problems involving discrimination between two classes. The target class is distributed as a simple geometric figure. Relevant source knowledge consists of various linear transformations of the target distribution. KBCC is observed to find, adapt, and use its relevant knowledge to significantly speed learning.
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