Wendy F. Sternberg, Ph.D. (University of California, Los Angeles)



John Liebeskind's last graduate student. Still a close friend of Jeff's (their families vacationed together each summer for over 12 years), Wendy was co-discoverer of the female-specific analgesic mechanism in 1993. Wendy is currently Vice-President for Academic Affairs and Dean of the College, Occidental College.


  • Marek, P., Mogil, J.S., Sternberg, W.F., Panocka, I., and Liebeskind, J.C. N-Methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptor antagonist MK-801 blocks non-opioid stress-induced analgesia. II. Studies using three different water temperature paradigms and selectively bred mice. Brain Res., 578:197-203, 1992.
  • Mogil, J.S., Sternberg, W.F., Kest, B., Marek, P., and Liebeskind, J.C. Sex differences in the antagonism of swim stress-induced analgesia: effects of gonadectomy and estrogen replacement. Pain, 253:17-25, 1993.
  • Mogil, J.S., Sternberg, W.F., and Liebeskind, J.C. Studies of pain, stress and immunity. In: Chapman, C.R. and Foley, K.M. (Eds.) Current and Emerging Issues in Cancer Pain: Research and Practice. Raven Press: New York, pp. 31-47, 1993.
  • Mogil, J.S., Marek, P., Flodman, P., Spence, M.A., Sternberg, W.F., Kest, B., Sadowski, B., and Liebeskind, J.C. One or two genetic loci mediate high opiate analgesia in selectively bred mice. Pain, 60:125-135, 1995.
  • Kest, B., Mogil, J.S., Sternberg, W.F., Pechnick, R.N., and Liebeskind, J.C. Antinociception following 1,3-di-o-tolylguanidine (DTG), a selective sigma receptor ligand. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav., 50:587-592, 1995.
  • Kest, B., Mogil, J.S., Sternberg, W.F., Pechnick, R.N., and Liebeskind, J.C. 1,3-di-o-tolylguanidine (DTG) differentially affects acute and tonic formalin pain: antagonism by rimcazole. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav., 52:175-178, 1995.
  • Mogil, J.S., Flodman, P., Spence, M.A., Sternberg, W.F., Kest, B., Sadowski, B., Liebeskind, J.C., and Belknap, J.K. Oligogenic determination of morphine analgesic magnitude: a genetic analysis of selectively bred mouse lines. Behav. Genet., 25:397-406, 1995.
  • Sternberg, W.F., Mogil, J.S., Kest, B., Page, G.G., Leong, Y., Yam, V., and Liebeskind, J.C. Neonatal testosterone exposure influences neurochemistry of swim stress-induced analgesia in adult mice. Pain, 63:321-326, 1995.
  • Mogil, J.S., Sternberg, W.F., Balian, H., Liebeskind, J.C., and Sadowski, B. Opioid and non-opioid swim stress-induced analgesia: a parametric analysis in mice. Physiol. Behav., 59:123-132, 1996.
  • Mogil, J.S., Sternberg, W.F., Marek, P., Sadowski, B., Belknap, J.K. and Liebeskind, J.C. The genetics of pain and pain inhibition. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA, 93:3048-3055, 1996.
  • Mogil, J.S., Chesler, E.J., Wilson, S.G., Juraska, J.M., and Sternberg, W.F. Sex differences in thermal nociception and morphine antinociception in the rodent depend on genotype, Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev., 24:375-389, 2000.
  • Sternberg, W.F. and Mogil, J.S. Genetic and hormonal basis of pain states.Best Pract. Res. Clin. Anesthaesiol., 15:229-245, 2001.
  • Sternberg, W.F., Ritchie, J., and Mogil, J.S. Qualitative sex differences in kappa-opioid analgesia in mice are dependent on age. Neurosci. Lett., 363:178-181, 2004.
  • Sternberg, W.F., Chesler, E.J., Wilson, S.G., and Mogil, J.S. Acute progesterone can recruit sex- specific neurochemical mechanisms mediating swim stress-induced and kappa-opioid analgesia in mice. Horm. Behav., 46:467-473, 2004.
  • Langford, D.J., Tuttle, A.H., Brown, K., Deschenes, S., Fischer, D.B., Mutso, A., Root, K.C., Sotocinal, S.G., Stern, M.A., Mogil, J.S., and Sternberg, W.F.  Social approach to pain in laboratory mice.  Soc. Neurosci., 5:163-170, 2010.
  • Langford, D.J., Tuttle, A.H., Briscoe, C., Harvey-Lewis, C., Baran, I., Gleeson, P., Fischer, D.B., Buonora, M., Sternberg, W.F., and Mogil, J.S. Varying perceived social threat modulates pain behavior in male mice.  J. Pain, 12:125-132, 2011. 
  • Mogil, J.S., Sorge, R.E., LaCroix-Fralish, M.L., Smith, S.B., Fortin, A., Sotocinal, S.G., Ritchie, J., Austin, J.-S., Schorscher-Petcu, A., Melmed, K., Czerminski, J., Bittong, R.A., Mokris, J.B., Neubert, J.K., Campbell, C.M., Edwards, R.R., Campbell, J.N., Crawley, J.N., Lariviere, W.R., Wallace, M.R., Sternberg, W.F., Balaban, C.D., Belfer, I., and Fillingim, R.B. Pain sensitivity and vasopressin analgseia are mediated by a gene-sex-environment interaction. Nat. Neurosci.14:1569-1573, 2011.

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