Shultz, T. R. (2010). Connectionism and learning. In P. Peterson, E. Baker, &
B. McGaw, (Eds.), International
Encyclopedia of Education, 5, 476-484.
Connectionism is a style of computing that partly mimics the properties and functions of brains. Incorporating ideas from computer science, artificial intelligence, mathematics, physics, neuroscience, and psychology, connectionists build working computational models of learning and other psychological processes. A few connectionist projects have modeled educational phenomena such as reading and arithmetic, and these applications are highlighted here. After reviewing the basics of modeling and connectionism and focusing on some models of particular relevance to education, the broader implications of connectionism for education are discussed.
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